RESOLUTION COMPILED BY SABUJ MANCHA ON BEHALF OF CIVIL SOCIETY / ENVIRONMENTAL FRATERNITY WITHIN WEST BENGAL, INDIA AT THE BACKDROP OF CLIMATE NEGOTIATION DURING CONFERENCE OF PARIES (COP) MEETING BEING HELD AT PARIS FROM 30 NOVEMBER, 2015 TO DECEMBER 11, 2015 UNDER UNITED NATIONS FRAMEWORK CONVENTION ON CLIMATE CHANGE (UNFCCC)
Sabuj Mancha, roughly translated means a green platform, is a forum of individuals and organizations being conscious to the cause of environment. The platform has been born in 2009 and since then has been raising concern against various forms of environmental and climatic degradations. Presently it is the biggest platform of its kind in state of West Bengal in India
The Twenty-first edition of Conference of Parties (CoP) under United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) is scheduled to be held shortly in Paris, France. This meeting has assumed critical importance in context to the present and potential future climatic situation in the world as highlighted by several international reports including the AR-5 (Fifth Assessment Report) of IPCC. Experts believe that the world is facing a difficult future with more than 2 degree centigrade temperature rise (compared to pre industrialized time) is predicted unless the global community, particularly the developed world, shows significant reduction in green house emission. As per the previous negotiations, a legally binding treaty is scheduled to be signed among all countries in Paris to chart out the mechanism of Green House Gas (GHG) emission cut post 2020. With this background and in accordance to an outcome of meeting held at Kolkata on Nov 22, 2015 , being organized by civil society environmental platform Sabuj Mancha (Green Platform), the following resolutions are adapted for due consideration of all stakeholders being involved in climate negotiation; either directly or indirectly.
We strongly urge all the countries, emphatically the developed countries, to undertake more ambitious GHG emission cut – Mission Emission Cut (MEC) – in sync with the scientific requirement.
We urge the scientific community to come up with Overall Emission Reduction (OER) mechanism of all countries based on above-mentioned variables which may be clamped as the guideline to the countries.
3. It is being observed that often the overall scenario of the countries varies from regions within it (urban , semi-urban or rural) with respect to either contribution to climate change or impacts received as the consequence. Sundarbans in West Bengal is a prime example which is a climate impact hotspot despite contributing nothing to the problem.
We urge countries to spell out micro level climate policies / norms for these areas and particularly to Indian government for areas like Sundarbans.
We urge UNFCCC to identify such Regional Climate Problems and Vulnerabilities (RCPV) and suggest regional mechanism to counter the same in consultation with stakeholder countries.
We urge UNFCCC to take strong global position on Çlimate Change Affected Livelihoods (CCAL) with appropriate inputs from scientific community. Major stakeholder countries are also urged to tackle the issue on a proactive basis.
We strongly urge that lifestyle change and related waste of energy should be an agenda under negotiation and the scale of the same should be guided by the factors as mentioned under point 2.
We urge that UNFCCC should come out with a transparent and simplified policy about the climate change related financial support making it clear; who gets what and why?. On the market mechanisms part, we strongly believe that the climate finance should not be left to market alone. The public financial support should be routed through appropriate forum of UNFCCC based on priority as devised by a transparent mechanism.
We strongly urge UNFCCC and negotiating countries to give proper importance, space and position to Loss and Damage and convert it to an appropriate instrument to support the vulnerable communities across the world including India and West Bengal.
We appeal to UNFCCC to show leadership in facilitating paradigm of non-sustainable to sustainable use of natural resources based development with appropriate linkage to market incentive.
We demand an international law protecting the interest of these climate refugees over and above of local / national laws especially in areas holding any climate refugee.
We feel that recycling and reduction of waste needs to be prioritized globally, particularly in cities, and there should be proper policy direction in this regards. In this context we urge that the waste pickers be treated as climate volunteers and their role needs to be backed by adequate policy support.
We demand that ecosystem services should be included within the negotiating structure and the model like EKW should be globally replicated.
We demand provision of NMT and public transport should be duly accommodated in the policy and practice of all countries including India.
We demand that the policy of minimal felling of trees or sacrificing of greenery needs to be followed; and even in case of felling there should be appropriate compensatory plan ensuring GHG should not be increased.
We demand more studies should be conducted on the issue and appropriate policy should be adopted.
Finally we would like to humbly but strongly share that the future of over 7 billion people cannot, and should not, be decided by around 200 governments. Civil society, more so the victims of climate change triggered people, should be allowed to play a major role in determining the official global actions. The civil society’s role must not be limited to peripheries of decision making process and rather they should play a much central role not only to facilitate untying the decisions to narrow geo-political or business interest but, more importantly, to ensure the involvement of global community in this revolution of ‘Mission Emission Cut’ which will never be possible under the exclusive ambit of governmental actions. We urge UNFCCC and important stakeholders to consider the resolution and act properly and quickly.