Ecosystem restoration and biodiversity conservation are crucial for maintaining the South Asian region's rich biodiversity and ensuring the well-being of its people. The region is home to a wide range of ecosystems, including forests, wetlands, and coastal areas, which are under increasing pressure from human activities such as deforestation, urbanisation, and pollution.

Aligning with the Kunming-Montreal Global Biodiversity Framework is essential for South Asia to promote the conservation and restoration of ecosystems and water bodies. This framework emphasises the need to halt biodiversity loss, restore degraded ecosystems, and promote sustainable use of natural resources.

Moreover, promoting nature-based solutions can help address both biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation and adaptation. CANSA has partnered with regional member CSOs in projects that promote nature-based solutions to address biodiversity conservation and climate change mitigation and adaptation, and together with practices such as reforestation, sustainable agriculture, and coastal restoration.