The success of human societies depends intimately on the sustainable balance between the living components of natural and managed systems. This has raised the demand for the design of climate policy to promote sustainable consumption and production that will be influenced by how countries perceive climate induced uncertainties and policymakers prioritize national risk. Climate change also magnifies existing risks of health, livelihoods, water, food insecurity, poverty, and migration. Addressing climate change requires a multifaceted and holistic approach. Thus, effective mitigation will not be achieved if individual agents advance their interests independently (IPCC 2014). In an attempt to bridge country analyses on the development and implementation of climate change policies that improved community-based responses for more efficient use of resources, one may explore what are the evidence-based alternative approaches to address anthropological climate change. In conclusion, the paper focussses on the four critical thrust areas for civil society to advocate policies on a) Energy security, b) Cost-competitiveness of renewables, c) Human health and well-being, and d) Just transition, and develops a case to move away from fossil-fuel proliferation.