It is clear that there has been substantive discussion taking place in the negotiations here in Bonn. Few issues like NGO participations in the informal discussions, legal issues and the package of the KP CP2 discussion took the central stage over the few days. Apart from these the other interesting news was the Indian Government stand on the inclusion of the Nuclear in the CDM credit. This is really an unfortunate event as the civil societies have protested against the use of nuclear as solution to the future energy crisis due to its socio political consequences. Further in India we have experienced massive protest against the nuclear installation. The Minister has played un-environment friendly role on this. India now shares an infamous league of nations at the UNFCCC which is seen as regressive. Do we at all need this tag on us?
The other issue that was important and has been discussed a lot in the negotiations is the over all linkage with the potential KP CP2 outcome and the different kinds of conditionalities attached to it. It is very clear that a large group of developing countries do want the second commitment period of the Kytoto Protocol. While within the developed countries, it is only the EU who have spoken and hinted about the agreement of the second commitment period but laden with huge conditionalities. The discussion therefore focused on the issue of securing the second commitment period and what are the key components of the package. Regarding the package, there are various options which could be attached to the central decision on the commitment. It has been a long and technical discussion that is now currently going on, which is also laden with the political will.
On the issue of participation of the NGOs, it has been a lively discussion. While the accesses to the informal sessions have been closed for many of the sessions, the NGOs did actually managed to be in the room for some. The Mexican Presidency has actually supported the idea of the NGO participation. Some countries have proposed the idea of getting a rule in the UNFCCC over the NGO participation, and as an interim arrangement, the Chair of the AWG LCA has proposed that the Facilitator of the each informal group would determine the NGOs participations.
Meeting with the negotiators from Bangladesh, one of the few countries who are vocal among the LDCs was very informative one. They have identified few areas of concern and the way negotiations are going on. According to the delegation, the developed country parties are trying to make the institutions of the technology dysfunctional. We have been raising the issues of importance of the nominations of the TEC in the technology mechanism, and it seems that the parties have lost steam in the technology mechanism. Further if we do not get the TEC, then we actually risk ourselves into a scenario where there will be no party driven institution be present. This is a real danger for the effective functioning of the technology mechanism. The main fear is that, this might have spill over effect into the other committees and their formation.
Finally, the overall picture of the discussion is that if the parties at all move forward for a convergence towards commitments on the KP CP2, the developing countries have to come to a decision on components of the LCA they are going to move forward. The correct prioritising of the components would actually give a better ground to play around with the mix and match. Any last minute approach would prove to be detrimental, both in terms of substance and political ground.