Climate-Induced Displacement and Migration in Pakistan

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Pakistan is listed among the most vulnerable countries that are experiencing both slow and fast-onset climate change events. The effects of climate change are now well evident in Pakistan. Long spells of droughts and frequent floods have led to a decline in farm productivity, increased livestock mortality, and large-scale unemployment. Climate-induced displacement and migration influence society’s socio-economic dynamics causing greater inequalities. Women, children, the elderly, and people with disabilities are at even greater risk. This study established the link between peoples’ Migration forced by Climate change.

CLIMATE-INDUCED DISPLACEMENT AND MIGRATION IN PAKISTAN Insights from Muzaffargarh and Tharparkar districts” reveals that people have limited adaptive and response capabilities to face multiple challenges posed by climate change to their lives, livelihood, and property. The research findings highlighted in this report confirm that climate change has increased risks to people’s livelihoods, thus exacerbating socio-economic inequalities in the country. The current level of (social and institutional) preparedness and capabilities are inadequate to counter the challenges posed by climatic extreme events and impacts. Therefore, this study identifies some key policy measures that can contribute to national and international development goals, particularly in terms of achieving Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), which aim to ‘leave no one behind’ and have been adopted as part of Pakistan’s national development agenda. The study finds that displaced rural communities were least prepared to cope with floods and droughts.