NEW DELHI: On April 22, India will formally sign the Paris climate agreement, adopted by over 190 countries last year December.
The agreement will be open for signature at the United Nations headquarters in New York for one year, from April 22, 2016 to April 21, 2017. Around 80 to 100 countries are likely to sign the agreement on the first day itself.
The country’s environment, forests and climate change minister Prakash Javadekar will represent India at the signing event, called by the UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon.
“India has communicated to the UN agency about signing the agreement. The government has authorised Javadekar for formally signing the Paris climate deal which will come into effect in 2020,” said an official, adding the country will also ratify it as early as possible.
Under Article 21 of the agreement that was adopted on December 12 last year in Paris, after a marathon negotiation lasting 13 days, at least 55 countries accounting for an estimated 55 per cent of the total global greenhouse gas emissions will have to ratify\accept\approve the agreement before it enters into force.
The Article 21 says that the Paris agreement will enter into force on the 30th day after the date on which at least 55 parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) deposit their “instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession” with the depositary at UN headquarters.
So far, three countries – Fiji, Palau and Marshal Islands – have completed their ratification process. These three highly vulnerable Pacific island nations are expected to submit their instruments of ratification after the signature ceremony next month.
The Paris deal is the most ambitious climate change agreement in history. It established a long term, durable global framework to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions where 195 countries will work together to put the world on a path to keeping global temperature rise well below 2 degrees Celsius and agree to pursue efforts to limit the increase in temperatures to 1.5 degrees Celsius.
All the countries have, for the first time, committed to put forward successive and ambitious ‘nationally determined’ climate targets and report on their progress, using a rigorous and standardized process of review.
Source: The Times of India